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Calling Cross Domain WCF Service using Jquery

Posted By : Shailendra Chauhan, 26 Apr 2012
Updated On : 04 Oct 2013
Total Views : 34,095   
 
Keywords : cross domain wcf using jquery, calling cross domain wcf service, ajax enabled wcf service using jquery, jsonp with wcf, wcf jsonp pdf

From last couple of days, I was trying to call a wcf service using jquery that is hosted in different domain. But every time I was failed to call wcf service from different domain. After spending much time on R&D, I found the solution and the reason why I was unable to call cross domain wcf service.

Whenever you try to call a cross domain WCF Service by javascript or jquery, it behaves differently with different browsers. When you want to perform "POST" or "GET" request on cross domain wcf service or normal service using jquery/javascript or ajax, the browser actually sends an "OPTIONS" verb call to your wcf service that is not mention in your wcf method attribute. We mention there "POST" or "GET" to call a wcf service method. Hence we get error to call cross domain wcf service. We find the following request and response headers in firefox when we try to call wcf service.

Request Headers

 OPTIONS http://myserver/MyService.svc/GetStates HTTP/1.1
Host: 192.168.4.156 User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.0; WOW64; rv:13.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/13.0
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8
Accept-Language: en-us,en;q=0.5
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Proxy-Connection: keep-alive
Origin: http://192.168.4.156:90
Access-Control-Request-Method: OPTION
Access-Control-Request-Headers: content-type
Pragma: no-cache
Cache-Control: no-cache 

Response Headers

 HTTP/1.0 405 Method Not Allowed
Cache-Control: private
Allow: POST
Content-Length: 1565
Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8
Server: Microsoft-IIS/7.0
X-AspNet-Version: 4.0.30319
X-Powered-By: ASP.NET
Access-Control-Allow-Origin: *
Access-Control-Allow-Headers: Content-Type
Date: Fri, 04 May 2012 12:05:17 GMT
X-Cache: MISS from c1india.noida.in
X-Cache-Lookup: MISS from c1india.noida.in:3128
Via: 1.0 c1india.noida.in:3128 (squid/2.6.STABLE21)
Proxy-Connection: close 

In above request headers the method is "OPTION" not "POST" and the response headers has content-type "text/html; charset=UTF-8" instead of "json;charset=UTF-8". To change these options we need to do some changes in web.config of hosted wcf service.

Configure WCF Cross Domain service

 namespace CrossDomainWcfService 
{ 
[DataContract] 
public class Supplier 
{ 
 [DataMember] public string Name;
 [DataMember] public string Email; 
}
[ServiceContract(Namespace = "")]
[AspNetCompatibilityRequirements(RequirementsMode = AspNetCompatibilityRequirementsMode.Allowed)]
public class MyService
{
 [OperationContract]
 [WebInvoke(Method = "POST", RequestFormat = WebMessageFormat.Json, ResponseFormat = WebMessageFormat.Json)]
 List GetSuppliers (int OrgID)
 { 
// Fetch data from database var q= (from tbl in mobjentity.Customer
 where tbl.OrgID=OrgID).ToList();
 Listlst= new List();
 foreach(var supp in q)
 {
 Supplier msupp=new Supplier();
 msupp.Name=supp.Name;
 msupp.Email=supp.Email
 //Make Supplier List to retun
 lst.Add(msupp);
 }
 return lst;
 } 
} 
} 

WCF Service Web.config

 <system.webServer>
 <modules runAllManagedModulesForAllRequests="true" />
 <httpProtocol>
 <customHeaders>
 <add name="Access-Control-Allow-Origin" value="*" />
 <add name="Access-Control-Allow-Headers" value="Content-Type" /> 
 </customHeaders>
 </httpProtocol> 
</system.webServer>
 <system.serviceModel>
 <behaviors>
 .
 .
 .
 </behaviors>
 <serviceHostingEnvironment aspNetCompatibilityEnabled="true" />
 <standardEndpoints>
 <webScriptEndpoint>
 <standardEndpoint name="" crossDomainScriptAccessEnabled="true" />
 </webScriptEndpoint>
 </standardEndpoints>
 <services>
 .
 . 
</service> 
</services> 
<bindings> 
 .
 . 
</bindings> 
<client> 
 . 
 . 
</client>
</system.serviceModel>

Global.asax Code

You can also define your hosted service web.config setting in Global.asax file. If you have defined setting in web.config then there is no need to do here.

 protected void Application_BeginRequest(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
HttpContext.Current.Response.AddHeader("Access-Control-Allow-Origin" , ”*”);
if (HttpContext.Current.Request.HttpMethod == "OPTIONS" )
{ 
//These headers are handling the "pre-flight" OPTIONS call sent by the browser
HttpContext.Current.Response.AddHeader("Access-Control-Allow-Methods" , "GET, POST" );
HttpContext.Current.Response.AddHeader("Access-Control-Allow-Headers" , "Content-Type, Accept" );
HttpContext.Current.Response.AddHeader("Access-Control-Max-Age" "1728000" );
HttpContext.Current.Response.End();
} 
} 

Wcf calling using Jquery

 $.ajax({ 
 type: "Post"
 url: "http://www.yourdomain.com/MyService.svc/GetSuppliers", // Location of the service
 data: '{"OrgID"="1"}', //Data sent to server
 contentType: "application/json;charset-uf8", // content type sent to server
 dataType: "json", //Expected data format from server
 success: function (msg) {
 //Implement get data from service as you wish
 },
 error: function (err) {
 // When Service call fails
 }
 }); 

Note

  1. You can define cross domain setting either in web.config or in global.asax file of your wcf service.

  2. For running the code, make a virtual directory/web application on IIS and map the code folder to it.

Summary

In this article I try to explain cross domain wcf service calling with example. I hope after reading this article you will be able to call cross domain wcf service. I would like to have feedback from my blog readers. Please post your feedback, question, or comments about this article. You can download demo project from below link.


 
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About the Author
Hey! I'm Shailendra Chauhan author, developer with more than 5 years of hand over Microsoft .NET technologies. I am a .NET Consultant, founder & chief editor of www.dotnet-tricks.com and www.dotnetinterviewtricks.com. I am author of books ASP.NET MVC Interview Questions and Answers & LINQ Interview Questions and Answers.
I love to work with web applications and mobile apps using Microsoft technology including ASP.NET, MVC, C#, SQL Server, WCF, Web API, Entity Framework,Cloud Computing, Windows Azure, jQuery, jQuery Mobile, Knockout.js, Angular.js and many more web technologies. More...
 
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